Citation Guide

How to cite a magazine in a bibliography using MLA

The most basic entry for a magazine consists of the author name(s), article title, magazine name, publication date, page numbers, and medium. Volume and issue numbers are to be omitted from magazine citations in MLA.

Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Magazine Name Publication Date: Page Numbers. Medium.

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.

The first author's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name). The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the magazine. Titles and affiliations associated with the author should generally be omitted. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's given name, preceded by a comma.

For an article written by two or more authors, list them in order as they appear on the title page. Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the last author's name. For articles with three or more authors, you may either include each author in the citation or only include the first author, followed by the abbreviation "et al."

Smith, John, Jane Doe, and Bob Anderson. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.

Smith, John, et al. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.

The full article title should be placed within quotations. Unless there is puncutation that ends the article title, place a period after the title within the quotations. Next, state the name of the magazine, which is italicized. Do not place any punctuation after the magazine name.

The date of the magazine article should be written in the international format (e.g. "day month year") and followed with a colon. With the exception of May, June, and July, month names should be abbreviated (four letters for September, three letters for all other months) and followed with a period. A magazine's publication date may be a complete date, a period spanning two months, a season, or just a month and year. Give whatever date information is available.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time Jan. - Feb. 2009: 21-23. Print.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time Winter 2009: 21-23. Print.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time Jan. 2009: 21-23. Print.

Include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Cite all inclusive page numbers - if the article spans pages that are not consecutive, cite only the first page, followed by a plus sign.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21+. Print.

If no page numbers are available, include the abbreviation "n. pag." in place of page numbers.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: n. pag. Print.

Next cite the medium in which the article was published (e.g. Print, Web). If the medium is "Print", it should end the citation, along with a period. If the medium is "Web", also include the website name and the date on which you accessed the article online. The website name should be italicized and placed before the medium, along with a period. The accessed date should follow the medium (and be formatted using the international format of "day month year" as specified above), along with a period. For an article found in a database, cite it the same way you would an article published online: cite the medium as "Web" and place the database name in the same location as the website name.

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Time.com. Web. 1 Feb. 2009.

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. LexisNexis. Web. 1 Feb. 2009.

If the article was published online, you may choose to include the web address of the page, but only when the reader needs the URL to access the page or otherwise required by your professor. Although MLA guidelines previously recommended including URLs in a bibliography entry, that is no longer the case. In general, URLs are subject to change and can become outdated, refer to a session in use, and be very long. Users are more likely to find an article now by searching titles or author names. If you choose to include a URL, place it after the date of access (and its subsequent period) by enclosing it in angle brackets. Place a period after the angle brackets.

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." Time 21 Jan. 2009: 21-23. Time.com. Web. 1 Feb. 2009. <http://www.time.com/news/obama_inaugurated.html>.