Citation Guide

How to cite an interview in a bibliography using Turabian

Turabian guidelines specify that published interviews should only be cited as in-text notes and should not be included in a bibliography. Unpublished interviews can be cited in a bibliography:

UNPUBLISHED INTERVIEW: Last Name, First Name. Interview by First Name Last Name. Interview Type. Location, Date Interviewed.

Smith, John. Interview with Jane Doe. Phone interview. New York City, March 5, 2009.

Begin with the name(s) of the person(s) interviewed. The first person's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name). A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the person's given name, preceded by a comma.

When two or more people are interviewed, only the first person's name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate each person's names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the last person's name. Include each person's name in the citation - never use "et al" in place of anyone's name.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. Interview with Bob Anderson. Personal interview. Pittsburgh, February 11, 2009.

After the person(s) interviewed, include the text "Interview with", followed by the interviewer's name (which is written in normal order - do not reverse the first and last name), and a period. If you conducted the interview, replace your name with the word "author."

Smith, John. Interview with author. Tape recording. Pittsburgh, February 11, 2009.

Include the type of interview, a period, the location of the interview, a comma, and the date of the interview (written in the format of "month day, year"). End the citation with a period.

Smith, John. Interview with Bob Anderson. Tape recording. New York City, March 5, 2009.

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