Citation Guide

How to cite a journal in a bibliography using Turabian

The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name(s), article title, journal name, volume number, year published, and page numbers.

Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Journal Name Volume Number (Year Published): Page Numbers.

Smith, John. "Studies in Pop Rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12 (2009): 78-93.

The first author's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name/initial). The name should be written as it appears in the journal. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's given name, preceded by a comma.

For an article written by two or more authors, list them in order as they appear in the journal. Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the last author's name. Include each author's name in the citation - never use "et al" in place of anyone's name.

Smith, John, Jane Doe, and Bob Anderson. "Studies in Pop Rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12 (2009): 78-93.

The full article title, which is followed by a period, should be placed within quotation marks. Place the period within the quotation marks. Use headline-style capitalization for the article title. If the title or subtitle ends with an exclamation point or question mark, do not place a period or comma after it. If the article title is in a foreign language, use sentence-style capitalization in accordance with that language's conventions. You may include an English translation of a foreign language title in brackets, outside of the quotations that surround the untranslated title.

Smith, John, and Jane Doe. "Los estudios en piedras y Coque pop." [Studies in Pop Rocks and Coke] Weird Science 12 (2009): 78-93.

The article title is followed by the name of the journal, which is italicized and capitalized using headline-style. Omit any introductory articles (e.g. A, An, The) from the journal name. Otherwise, give the journal name exactly as it appears on the title page or above the table of contents.

Include the volume number after the journal name. If an issue number is available, include it after the volume number and before the year published. Precede the issue number with a comma and the text "no.".

Smith, John. "Studies in pop rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12, no. 3 (2009): 78-93.

Put the year of publication in parentheses. Afterwards, include a colon, the full span of page numbers the article appears on, and a period. You may need to include a season, month and/or day published in parentheses before the year, depending on how the journal is published. Season names should be capitalized.

Smith, John. "Studies in pop rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12 (Spring 2009): 78-93.

If the article was published online, include the web address of the article, and then place the word "accessed", along with the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of "month day, year") in parentheses. Conclude the citation with a period after the parentheses. For an article found in a database, cite it the same way you would an article published online: place the database URL in place of the website URL and cite the date on which you accessed the article.

Smith, John. "Studies in Pop Rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12 (2009): 78-93. http://www.weirdscience.org/articles/id=1212 (accessed February 21, 2009).

Smith, John. "Studies in Pop Rocks and Coke." Weird Science 12 (2009): 78-93. http://www.lexisnexis.com (accessed February 21, 2009).

Why Should I Cite?

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