Citation Guide

How to cite a website in a bibliography using Turabian

The most basic entry for a website consists of the author name(s), page title, website title, web address, and date accessed.

Last Name, First Name. "Page Title." Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

The first author's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name/initial). The name should be written as it appears on the website. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's given name, preceded by a comma.

For a page with two or more authors, list them in order as they appear on the wbbsite. Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the last author's name. Include each author's name in the citation - never use "et al" in place of anyone's name.

Smith, John, Jane Doe, and Bob Anderson. "Obama inaugurated as President." CNN.com. htp://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

If no author is available, begin the citation with the website owner.

Cable News Network. "Obama inaugurated as President." CNN.com. htp://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

The full page title, which is followed by a period, should be placed within quotation marks. Place the period within the quotation marks. Then include the website title, followed by a period. If the website title is not available, include the website owner in its place.

Smith, John. "Obama inaugurated as President." Cable News Network. htp://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html (accessed February 1, 2009).

Include the web address of the page. Next, in parentheses, place the text "accessed" and the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of month day, year). Conclude the citation with a period after the parentheses.

For informal websites (such as home page or fan websites) or websites without formal titles, use descriptive phrases in your citation in place of page or website titles.

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