Citation Guide

How to cite a book in a bibliography using APA

The most basic entry for a book consists of the author's name, year of publication, the title of the book, publisher city, and the publisher name.

Last Name, F. (Year Published). Book Title. Publisher City: Publisher Name.

Brown, D. (2004). The DaVinci code. New York: Scholastic.

The first author's name should be reversed, with the last name coming first, followed by a comma. First names and any middle names are given as initials, each followed by a period. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's first and middle initials, preceded by a comma.

For a book written by two or more authors, separate them by comma, and use an ampersand before the last author's name. If more than six authors are cited, abbreviate the seventh author and any others that follow with "et al."

Smith, J., & Doe, J. (2008). The sample book. Pittsburgh: BibMe.

After the author names are listed, include in parentheses the year published. A period should be placed outside of the parentheses. The full title of the book, including any subtitles, should be stated and italicized. Only capitalize the first word of the title (and if given, the subtitle) or any proper nouns. The complete title should be followed by a period.

Cite the publisher name, followed by a colon: The publisher name should written as briefly as possible. Omit superflous terms (e.g. Co., Corp., Inc., Ltd., Publishers), but retain the words "Books" or "Press". For the city of publication, only the first city listed should be stated. If the city is not well-known for publishing or could be confused with another, include the state and/or province name, as noted on the book's title page. End the citation with a period.

If you are citing a specific chapter from the book, place the chapter name, along with a period, before the book title. Place the page numbers of the chapter in parentheses between the book title and the period that follows it. Also include the abbreviation "pp." before the page numbers.

Smith, J. (2008). The first chapter. The sample book (pp. 12-20). Pittsburgh: BibMe.

When a book has no edition number/name present, it is generally a first edition. If you have to cite a specific edition of a book later than the first, you should indicate the new edition in your citation. If the book is a revised edition or an edition that includes substantial new content, include the number, name, or year of the edition and the abbreviation "ed." in parentheses between the book title and the period that follows it. "Revised edition" should be abbreviated as "Rev. ed." and "Abridged edition" should be abbreviated as "Abr. ed." The edition can usually be found on the title page, as well as on the copyright page, along with the edition's date.

Smith, J. (2008). The sample book (2nd ed.). Pittsburgh: BibMe.

Smith, J. (2008). The sample book (Rev. ed.). Pittsburgh: BibMe.

If the book is a reprint edition and is a newly republished version of an older book, include the text "Original work published" and the original year of publication, in parentheses, at the end of the citation. The publication year after the author names should be the year of the book's reprinting.

Smith, J. (2008). The sample book. Pittsburgh: BibMe. (Original work published 1920)