Citation Guide

How to cite a film in a bibliography using APA

The most basic entry for a film consists of the personnel, year of release, title, type of film, country of origin, and distributor.

Last Name, F. (Personnel Type). (Year of Release). Film Title [Type of Film]. Country of Origin: Distributor.

Smith, J. (Director). (2009). BibMe: The movie [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia.

Begin the citation by including any personnel relevant to the film you are citing. A person's name should be reversed, with the last name coming first, followed by a comma. First names and any middle names are given as initials, each followed by a period. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the person's first and middle initials, preceded by a comma. Follow each person's name with their title (e.g. Director, Producer, Writer, etc.) in parentheses, and any appropriate punctuation outside of the parentheses.

For a film with more than two personnel being cited, separate them by comma, and use an ampersand before the last person's name. If more than six personnel are cited, abbreviate the seventh person and any others that follow with "et al."

Smith, J. (Director), & Doe, J. (Producer). (2009). BibMe: The movie [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia.

After the personnel are listed, include in parentheses the year published. A period should be placed outside of the parentheses. The full title of the film, including any subtitles, should be stated and italicized. Only capitalize the first word of the title (and if given, the subtitle) or any proper nouns. The complete title should be followed by a description of the type of film it is (e.g. Motion picture, documentary), placed in square brackets. Place a period after the brackets.

Smith, J. (Director). (2009). BibMe: The real story [Documentary]. United States: Columbia.

Complete your citation by listing the country of origin, a colon, and the distributor of the film. End the citation with a period. If the film is of limited circulation, instead end the citation with the text "Available from", followed by the distributor name and the full address of the distributor, in parentheses, along with a period outside the parentheses.

Smith, J. (Director). (2009). BibMe: The movie [Motion picture]. (Available from Startup Films, 123 5th Ave, New York, NY 10001).