Citation Guide

How to cite a journal in a bibliography using APA

The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name(s), year published, article title, journal name, volume number, and page numbers.

Last Name, F. (Year Published). Article Title. Journal name, Volume number, Page Numbers.

Smith, J. (2009). Studies in pop rocks and Coke. Weird Science, 12, 78-93.

The first author's name should be reversed, with the last name coming first, followed by a comma. First names and any middle names are given as initials, each followed by a period. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's first and middle initials, preceded by a comma.

For an article written by two or more authors, separate them by comma, and use an ampersand before the last author's name. If more than six authors are cited, abbreviate the seventh author and any others that follow with "et al."

Smith, J., & Doe, J. (2009). Studies in pop rocks and Coke. Weird Science, 12, 78-93.

After the author names are listed, include in parentheses the year published. A period should be placed outside of the parentheses. The full title of the article, including any subtitles, should be stated and italicized. Only capitalize the first word of the title (and if given, the subtitle) or any proper nouns. The complete title should be followed by a period. Afterwards, include the name of the journal in italics, followed by a comma.

Include the volume number of the journal, but without the word "volume" or the abbreviation "vol." You may also need to include the issue number, depending on the journal. Issues published within a single year normally compose one volume. Volumes are normally numbered in sequential order, with each new volume having its number increment by 1, while issue numbering restarts from 1 for each new volume. Some journals do not continuously number pages throughout an annual volume, instead starting on page 1 for each new issue. In this case, you should include the issue number in parentheses directly after the volume number, followed by a comma.

Smith, J. (2009). Studies in pop rocks and Coke. Weird Science, 12(3), 78-93.

For page numbers, include all pages the article appears on. If the article appears on non-consecutive pages, separate the pages by a comma. Do not precede the page numbers with the abbreviation "p." or "pp." End the citation with a period.

If the article was published online, conclude your citation by including the word "Retrieved", followed by the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of "month day, year"). Follow the date with a comma, the word "from", and the web address of the website.

Smith, J. (2009). Studies in pop rocks and Coke. Weird Science, 12(3), 78-93. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from http://www.weirdscience.org/articles/id=1212

If the article was found in a database, include the word "Retrieved", followed by the date on which you accessed the database (written in the format of "month day, year"). Follow the date with a comma, the words "from the", the name of the database, the word "database", and a period.

Smith, J. (2009). Studies in pop rocks and Coke. Weird Science, 12(3), 78-93. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from the LexisNexis database.

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