Citation Guide

How to cite a website in a bibliography using APA

The most basic entry for a website consists of the author name(s), page title, website title, date accessed, and the web address.

Last Name, First. "Page Title." Website Title. Retrieved Date Accessed, from Web Address

Smith, J. (2009, January 21). Obama inaugurated as President. CNN.com. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html

The first author's name should be reversed, with the last name coming first, followed by a comma. First names and any middle names are given as initials, each followed by a period. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's first and middle initials, preceded by a comma.

For a page with two or more authors, separate them by comma, and use an ampersand before the last author's name. If more than six authors are cited, abbreviate the seventh author and any others that follow with "et al."

Smith, J., & Doe, J. (2009, January 21). Obama inaugurated as President. CNN.com. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html

If an organization is the author, include the organization name, as normal, in place of the author names. If no author is available, begin the citation with the page title.

Obama inaugurated as President. (2009, January 21). CNN.com. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html

After the author names are listed, include in parentheses the publication date. List the year first, followed by a comma, and then the month and day. Place a period outside of the parentheses. In some cases, a specific date might not be available, and the date published may only be specific to a month or even year. Provide whatever date information is available.

Smith, J. (2009, January). Obama inaugurated as President. CNN.com. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html

If there is no publication date available, substitute the abbreviation "n.d." instead.

Smith, J. (n.d.). Obama inaugurated as President. CNN.com. Retrieved February 1, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/POLITICS/01/21/obama_inaugurated/index.html

Include the full page title, which is followed by a period. Within the title, only capitalize the first letter of the first word or any proper nouns. Afterwards, cite the name of the website (which is italicized), followed by a period.

Conclude your citation by including the word "Retrieved", followed by the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of "month day, year"). Follow the date with a comma, the word "from", and the web address of the website.