Citation Guide

How to cite an interview in a bibliography using MLA

The citation format for an interview depends on what context it was conducted and published.

PUBLISHED/BROADCAST INTERVIEW: Last Name, First Name. Interview by First Name Last Name. Publication Information. Medium.

PERSONALLY CONDUCTED INTERVIEW: Last Name, First Name. Interview Type interview. Date Interviewed.

Begin your citation with the name of the person interviewed. This person's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name (or any middle name). A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the person's given name, preceded by a comma.

For an interview that has been broadcast or published, if there is a title, include it after the name of the person interviewed. If the interview is from a publication, program, or recording, place the title, along with a period, in quotation marks. If it was published independently, italicize it, followed by a period.

Jolie, Angelina. "Being a Mother." 60 Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York: 3 Feb. 2009. Television.

If there is no title, use the word "Interview" in place of a title and do not use quotation marks or italics. If the interviewer's name is known, add it, preceded by "with", after the word "Interview". Do not reverse the interviewer's name.

Jolie, Angelina. Interview. 60 Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York: 3 Feb. 2009. Television.

Jolie, Angelina. Interview by Steve Kroft. 60 Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York: 3 Feb. 2009. Television.

Conclude the citation with publication information related to the medium in which the interview was published, while indicating the medium. See the Citation Guide entries for these works (e.g. radio/TV programs, magazines, newspapers, books) for specific guidelines. For books, there are minor changes to the publication information formatting. The author name(s) should not be reversed, should be preceded by the word "By", and should come after the book title. Treat an interview in a book like a chapter and include the page numbers it appears on.

Jolie, Angelina. Interview by Steve Kroft. 60 Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York: 3 Feb. 2009. Television.

Jolie, Angelina. Interview by John Smith. Newsweek 3 Feb. 2009: B22+. Print.

Jolie, Angelina. Interview by John Smith. Discussions with a Star. By Jane Doe. Pittsburgh: BibMe, 2009. 28-47. Print.

For a personally conducted interview, after the person interviewed, state the type of interview (e.g. personal, phone, email), followed by the word "interview" and a period. Conclude the citation with the date the interview was conducted, along with a period. For the interview date, the complete date should be written in the international format (e.g. "day month year"). With the exception of May, June, and July, month names should be abbreviated (four letters for September, three letters for all other months) and followed with a period.

Jolie, Angelina. Phone interview. 11 Feb. 2009.