Citation Guide

How to cite a newspaper in a bibliography using APA

The most basic entry for a newspaper consists of the author name(s), publication date, article title, newspaper name, and page numbers.

Last Name, F. (Publication Date). Article Title. Newspaper name, Page Numbers.

Smith, J. (2009, February 2). Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, pp. A4-A6.

The first author's name should be reversed, with the last name coming first, followed by a comma. First names and any middle names are given as initials, each followed by a period. A suffix, such as a roman numeral or Jr./Sr. should appear after the author's first and middle initials, preceded by a comma.

For an article written by two or more authors, separate them by comma, and use an ampersand before the last author's name. If more than six authors are cited, abbreviate the seventh author and any others that follow with "et al."

Smith, J., & Doe, J. (2009, February 2). Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, pp. A4-A6.

After the author names are listed, include in parentheses the publication date. The complete date of the newspaper article should be given as it appears on the publication, with the year listed first, followed by a comma, and then the month and day. Place a period outside of the parentheses. Include the full article title, which is followed by a period. Within the title, only capitalize the first letter of the first word or any proper nouns. Afterwards, cite the name of the newspaper (which is italicized), followed by a comma.

For page numbers, include all pages the article appears on. If the article appears on non-consecutive pages, separate the pages by a comma. Precede the page numbers with the abbreviation "p." for a single page, or "pp." for multiple pages. End the citation with a period.

Smith, J. (2009, February 2). Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p. A4.

If the article was published online, conclude your citation by including the word "Retrieved", followed by the date on which you accessed the website (written in the format of "month day, year"). Follow the date with a comma, the word "from", and the web address of the website.

Smith, J. (2009, February 2). Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, pp. A4-A6. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from http://www.post-gazette.com/news/super_bowl_xliii.html

If the article was found in a database, include the word "Retrieved", followed by the date on which you accessed the database (written in the format of "month day, year"). Follow the date with a comma, the words "from the", the name of the database, the word "database", and a period.

Smith, J. (2009, February 2). Steelers win Super Bowl XLIII. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, pp. A4-A6. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from the LexisNexis database.

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